How your child may develop this year:
All things can be fascinating and new to a one-year-old. They actively use all five of their senses to constantly explore their surroundings. They discover excitement in making things happen and by completing simple tasks. Once they have made a discovery, one-year-olds want to make it happen over and over again!
At the age of one, children are just learning to identify and manage their emotions. They experience a wide range of emotions and often have tantrums when they are sleepy or irritated. These tantrums involving conflict can often times include biting, hitting, crying, or screaming. One-year-olds may also seek independence and often say, “No!” to suggestions or guidelines, but then moments later they might be clinging to an adult requesting help.
During year one, language abilities usually develop from pointing and grunting to speaking single words and investigating with simple phrases. Pronunciation is very complicated for this age, and oftentimes adults near them will have to help the child pronounce words to others. One-year-olds progressively shape their vocabularies by listening to the words said around them. At this agethey are capable of comprehending common phrases and simple directions used in daily and routine situations.
Although one-year-olds have no knowledge or understanding of print at this age, they do enjoy books and nursery rhymes with lots of pictures. By reading and showing them books, they may begin to apply their vocabularies by naming pictures in the books that are being read to them. Even though one-year-olds do not comprehend the idea of writing. They may enjoy investigating with squiggles and random marks.
By recognizing patterns and understanding shapes one-year-olds being to create a foundation for their mathematical thinking process and ideas for daily routine. For example, they start to become aware that night is followed by day and before bedtime they have to put on their pajamas. They also begin to sort recognizable objects by unique characteristics, such as whether something is “hard” or “soft.” They also begin to understand that  when an object is hidden, it is still there. Simple insert puzzles are accomplished at this age as well, such as  when the puzzle pieces show whole objects.
One-year-olds begin to recognize their creative abilities. Their curiosity in art is concentrated on the sensory examination of materials, such as clay and paint. When music is played, they start to react with their whole bodies by using beat, melody, and rhythm. Often by imitating adult actions, one-year-olds make an significant age-related stride by using their imagination and thoughts.
Physical development is one of the most noticeable changes that you will recognize in your child this year. By 20 months, most one-year-olds make the drastic change from crawling to running. By holding their hands out or by poking their tummies out in the air they focus on balance. Their stance is awkward and they are often clumsy at this age so falls are common. They use their new mobility to push, pull, dance and climb. One-year-olds fumble and drop objects regularly, but their hand and finger coordination is very much improved. Skills at this age are very immature, yet improving on a daily basis.